Psychotic disorders are serious mental disorders that cause abnormal ideas and perceptions. People with psychosis lose contact with reality. Two of the main symptoms are delusions and hallucinations. Delusions are false beliefs, such as the idea that someone is against them or that television sends them secret messages. Hallucinations are false perceptions, such as listening, seeing or feeling something that does not exist.
Schizophrenia is a type of psychotic disorder. Other problems that may cause psychosis are: alcohol and certain medications, brain tumors, brain infections and strokes (CVA).
At the moment, there are instruments for the early diagnosis of psychosis like Schizophrenia, such as Emotional Assessment, Neurocognitive Assessment and brain images such as Brain SPECT. Treatment depends on the cause of the psychosis. It may include drugs for symptoms control and psychotherapy. In addition, Neurocognitive Rehabilitation can be performed, for the deterioration of the superior functions of chronic psychosis and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for chronic refractory psychosis.
Source: Presenter Media