It is without a doubt, the most important instrument to establish an accurate diagnosis of mental disorders. The neuropsychiatric interview consists of several parts that usually develop in a flexible way, as the information appears in the interview. Unlike the interview of a physician from another specialty who interrogates the patient with closed questions, the neuropsychiatrist predominantly uses open questions, with which the patient can express himself more widely. For example, instead of asking if you are depressed or not, the neuropsychiatrist may ask you to talk about your mood, which will allow the patient to detail their complaints, their explanation of why they think they are feeling like this, etc.
Listening carefully to the answers that the patient gives to the open questions, allows the neuropsychiatrist to explore not only the patient's verbal information in greater detail, but also his way of expressing himself, his feelings, his interactions with others, etc. With all this, the neuropsychiatrist will try to obtain the greatest possible understanding of the case and its circumstances.